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This is some background on what had been happening in Nanking, China.

This will give you somewhat of a better understanding of the horrendous crimes that were committed by the Japanese government.

In 1928, the Chinese Nationalist Government moved the capital of China from Peking to Nanking. The city normally held about 250,000 people, but by the mid-1930s its population had swollen to more than 1 million. Many of them were refugees, fleeing from the Japanese armies which had invaded China since 1931.

On November 11, 1937, after securing control of Shanghai, the Japanese army advanced towards Nanking from different directions. In early December, the Japanese troops were already in the proximity of Nanking.

On December 9, after unsuccessfully demanding the defending Chinese troops in Nanking to surrender, the Japanese troops launched a massive attack upon the city. On the 12th, the defending Chinese troops decided to retreat to the other side of Yangtze River. On the 13th of December, the 6th and the 116th Divisions of the Japanese Army first entered the city. At the same time, the 9th Division entered Guang Hua Gate, and the 16th Division entered Zhong Shan Gate and the Tai Ping Gate.

In the afternoon, two Japanese Navy fleets arrived on both sides of the Yangtze River. On the same day, December 13th, 1937, Nanking fell to the Japanese.

In the next six weeks, the Japanese committed the infamous Nanking Massacre, or the Rape of Nanking, during which an estimated 300,000 Chinese soldiers and civilians were killed, and 20,000 women were raped.

During the Nanking Massacre, the Japanese committed a litany of atrocities against innocent civilians, including mass execution, raping,(beheading) looting, and burning. It is impossible to keep a detailed account of all of these crimes. However, from the scale and the nature of these crimes as documented by survivors and the diaries of the Japanese militarists, the chilling evidence of this historical tragedy is .indisputable


On December 13th, a large number of refugees tried to escape from the Japanese by trying to cross the Yangtze River. They were trapped on the east bank because no transportation was available; many of them tried to swim across the river. Meanwhile, the Japanese arrived and fired at the people on the shore and in the river. A Japanese soldier reported that the next day he saw an unaccountable number of dead bodies of adults and children covering the whole river. He estimated that more than 50,000 people were killed at this tragic incident of the Nanking Massacre.


Numerous atrocities occurred within and around the city, and the victims were largely civilians. Japanese soldiers invented and exercised inhumane and barbaric methods of killing. The brutalities included shooting, stabbing, cutting open the abdomen, excavating the heart, decapitation,(beheading)drowning, burning, punching the body and the eyes with an awl, and even castration or punching through the vagina.


An estimated 20,000 women were raped by the Japanese soldiers during the six weeks of the Nanking Massacre; most were brutally killed afterwards. The Japanese soldiers even raped girls less than ten years old, women over seventy years old, pregnant women, and nuns. Rampant raping took place in the streets or at religious worshipping places during the day. Many women were gang raped. Some Japanese even forced fathers to rape their daughters, sons to rape their mothers, etc. Those who resisted were killed immediately.

Sixty Years Later

The Japanese government constantly denies or minimizes these crimes, and until now, it has not made any formal apology for its aggressions and crimes against China and other Asian nations. The Japanese government has successfully gotten away from the remaining problems. They hide or destroy documents, they destroy newly uncovered evidence of war crimes, they refuse to pay the living victims such as the comfort women, they remove the war crimes from their history textbooks... Sixty years later, young Japanese still say "No! "So what?" for their country's crimes in Asia. The Japanese general public glorify the war criminals as patriotic heros, enshrine them as gods, threaten the former soldiers who are telling the truth.

And now we will continue the journey with my dad......


"USS OAHU On River in China.

"Arrival in Nanking, China. This city was now held by the Japanese, under a very cruel Commander. Here, we were to evacuate any American nationals, mail, baggage, etc. The American Consul there was not worried about the forthcoming "War," as he would be assured of a safe conduct to Shanghai, along with his staff by reason of diplomatic status. If he stayed in Nanking as long as he could, he would be able to send any information of operations of the Japanese to the American Consul in Shanghai, who would be in contact, by radio, with Manila, P.I.

"After saying farewell again, we left Nanking, China, at full speed, (16 knots), and headed for Shanghai. We arrived about November 25, 1941, and after necessary reports were made to the Commander of the Yangtze River Patrol, half of the crew were allowed to go on liberty. Some of the crew had wives of Chinese, Russian, and other nationalities in port and were anxious to see them.

"Meanwhile, British workmen and Chinese shipyard employees came aboard ship to prepare us for our journey to a neutral port, which we guessed might be Manila, P.I. Of course, the exact destination was not given to anybody beforehand, but as the ship's sides were boarded up very high and bulkheads were shored, we all knew we were destined for a long voyage via the China Sea. Little did we know what the future would hold for us then![Next]


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